Understanding Soil Types and Soil Texture (test your own soil)
This video will show you a way to measure the amount of sand, silt and clay in your soil, and then help you figure out your soil type. \n\nBecome a better gardener, Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/Gardenfundamentals1?sub_confirmation=1\n\nShare with a friend: https://youtu.be/AUhOBxVFcFk\n———————–\nFree Stuff:\n\nFree Garden eBook: 24 1/2 Garden Design Ideas:\nhttp://www.gardenfundamentals.com/24-1-2-garden-design-ideas/\n———————–\nMy Books:\n\nGarden Myths:\nhttp://www.gardenmyths.com/garden-myths-book-1/\n\nBuilding Natural Ponds:\nhttp://www.buildingnaturalponds.com/\n\n————————\nFree Resources:\n\nGarden Fundamentals Blog – lots of gardening information:\nhttp://www.gardenfundamentals.com/\n\nGarden Fundamentals Facebook Group:\nhttps://www.facebook.com/groups/GardenFundamentals/\n\nMy Garden Myths Blog:\nhttp://www.gardenmyths.com/\n\nBuilding Natural Ponds Facebook Group:\nhttps://www.facebook.com/groups/buildingnaturalponds/\n———————–\nRecommended Playlists\n\nSeed Germination – Everything you need to know:\nhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dirz0WIMQi0\u0026list=PLq7hmpP9i05Ska3k7gaBCvNCT9gN_tYaj\n\nGarden Myths:\nhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8tH7Q945gKU\u0026list=PLq7hmpP9i05Sly9y2s-Hj7Fn-ArqKsguQ \n———————–\nUnderstanding Soil Types and Soil Texture (test your own soil)\n\nToday I’ll show you a simple way to measure the amount of sand, silt and clay in your soil. I’ll also show you how to use the soil texture triangle to figure out the type of soil you have.\n\nThis information will help select the right plants, or if you are trying to figure out why certain plants are not growing well. This information will also help you select the right amount of fertilizer and water for your garden. \n\n\nYou will need a clear container. An old jar works well. Try to get one with vertical sides, and a flat bottom. I am going to use an old peanut butter container. The bottom is not perfectly flat but it is good enough for this test. \n\nTake the soil and add it to the jar so that it is about ¾ full.\nNow add water to almost fill the jar. You want to leave some air space at the top of the jar for mixing.\nPlace the lid on the jar…. Then shake. Let it sit undisturbed.\nLet the jar sit for 1 minute.\n\nSince sand is heavier than silt and clay it settles in less than a minute. \nWait 1 hour. Silt is heavier than clay, and will settle next. \nWait 24 hours for the clay to settle. Since clay is made up of very fine particles it take a long time to settle. \nI’ve emptied the jar, and can now see the marks very clearly. \nTake a ruler and measure the distance between the marks. \nWorking in mm will make the math easier than using inches. \n\nCalculations and soil texture\nThe next step in the process is to calculate the percent of sand, silt and clay in your soil. This is easily done and I will show you exactly how to do it.\n\nThe soil texture, by definition, consists of sand, silt and clay, and those three parts added together make up 100%. \nIn our experiment we measured the amounts using millimeters but the units don’t matter since we will be converting them to a percent. Sand had a value of 30, Silt was 22, and clay was 25, with a total of 77.\n\nTo convert these numbers to % we do the following calculation. \n% sand is equal to 30 divided by 77 times 100, or 39%…….\n% silt is equal to 22divided by 77 times 100, which is 29%. I’m rounding to whole numbers which is accurate enough for gardening. \n% clay is 25 divided by 77 or 32%. ……You can see that the sum of the three values equals 100%. \n\nThese numbers tell you how much sand, silt or clay you have, but we can take this one step further and figure out the type of soil you have. \n\nList of Credits:\n\nImages:\nAll slides and videos belong to GardenFundamentals.com or are public domain images, except for the following:\n\nMusic:\nKevin Macleod: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/
Hi-yiwong Christ écrit: I don't understand …Muhammad Abbasi écrit: What a great video this isEni Hidayati écrit: I am going to try this. Would it be okay if I do the same experiment and record a video in my language so my students can understand? I will credit you in my video.Safdar 03 écrit: Thankyou for sharing ds videoMikeca300 écrit: This is the greatest video demonstrating soil types. Very easy to understand. Thank you!Azam écrit: WonderfulChris Calby écrit: Extremely helpful vid and your explanation was clear and straightforward. Great stuff, thank you. You have another subscriberDiogenes Ataraxia écrit: Apparently my soil has no sand at all. Guess I should add some sand.Ralaxy_Playz YT écrit: This is FRINKIN' confusingChutney King écrit: Yes this video is very accurate unlike the rest you find.Patrik Posobiec Perko écrit: Based on the steps taken in the video, could you measure the amount of water you add in beforehand and save 23 hours of time? Thanks.JarutheDamaja écrit: This weekend I'm going to try to cook my own indicator to measure the pH values, and now i discovered this awesome tri-angle.
Thank you so much for this video and information! I think it will be very useful for my garden and potted plants.Elyor Ganiev écrit: Sir, thank you very much for a great, simple explanation!!!!D Sawtelle écrit: How do you reduce Alkaline in your soil mine is 7.8simplus prosupa écrit: This presentation is really useful, you done it very well. Thanks sirGem Bellver écrit: Hi, this was very informative. I followed these guidelines but noticed after taking my first two markings both the sand and silt went below the lines. What does that mean?Real Softa drink Drink procuring écrit: Thankspaul reece écrit: Fantastic video.Thank you.Cosette écrit: What is the effect of adding apple vinegar to the soil?Raja Abu Hassan écrit: thank you!Zainab Fatima écrit: Wow this is a best vid ever thank you for ur amazing techniqueSai Kumar Desu écrit: Nice description. Thank you so muchElvyona Pramela écrit: Really great explanation sirxabi14 écrit: Hi, great video really easy to follow the steps. Just a questions if anyone could help a novice. If i take 5 samples from 5 different spots in the borders, if i mix them all together the sieve the complete batch for stones and twigs, am i defeating the object of the test and can i expect a heavy sand content result because of the sievingTom Z écrit: Very clear presentation. Thank you!Lai Duy Binh écrit: It’s extremly helpful video. Thanks a lotSh écrit: I wish you were teaching soil mechanics and geology at my uni! Natural teacher!Mukhlis Mujid écrit: Thanks so much dearWhoopsie écrit: I’d have to boil, pull, stab, and pound the clay from my yard to before I could even get it into the jar.Sharon Campbell écrit: This is a very good video. I am a visual learner too – and diagrams make me happy. Thanks. I am now a subscriber.Vanesa Prince écrit: Hi! Ive tried this a few times now and im seeing the first line drawn at 1 minute where the water level is visible again. My soil line is now below the first settling line.. im pretty certain this test doesnt work for silt/clay soil… What am I doing wrong?Christopher Nelmes écrit: Great video and explanation. I have a question about a soil type the french refer to as "argilo-calcaire" which translates as clay limestone. Where would that appear on your soil type triangle?Michał Zio écrit: Hi, seems like an easy way to determinate soil type but i have question, i did it just like you say and after 24 h the surface of soaked soil was under the line i made 1h after shaking… that's confusing for me… what does it mean?Kicks 96 écrit: AwesomeKevin D. écrit: Thanks. One comment – When recording have a sound editor check the audio . The audio drops off after half way through .Drops near 40 % .mvusu m écrit: How do I know that it's fine sandy?crab dude écrit: Thank You! Very Helpful!C N écrit: Cool video, although i think ideally you should use a flat bottomed straight sided jar.M. Aurora Charvat écrit: Thank you..I will try it right away !ccaa production écrit: Thank you for your sharing information.Dan Morgan écrit: I'm a Gardener at a National Cemetery so glad I found this channel.Desert Sahara Sahel écrit: Great. Thank you !Tanzina Afroz écrit: Wow wow wow.
Thank YOU so muchjerry baker écrit: BEST VIDEO AN EXPLANATION I'VE SEEN ON THIS .Azinh zinh écrit: Thanks so muchFrank Taylor écrit: Thank you so much. Me being a visual learner really appreciate this video. Big time help.Nathanael Corker écrit: Hi. I have a very strange situation with my soil. It contains roughly 8% Clay, 53% Silt and 39% Sand. This of course means that it is definitely NOT classed as a CLAY SOIL. Despite this, when the soil is compacted and becomes wet, after it dries out it turns into one big rock hard lump. The question I want to ask is, how can soil that is so low in Clay behave like this after being compacted and getting wet???Ivana Jacks écrit: This helped so much! Thank you!Woo Hoo écrit: This video was informative… good shit.. thumbs upLogan Wolve écrit: Sir..Why u not considering sand?Looper C écrit: I just moved into my house and gained a garden with cactus and morning glories and tons of nightshade. I'm very curious of what I'm working with before I really got crazy planting stuff. THANK YOU!! I'm too cheap to buy a test soil kit. This seems more of an enjoyable learning experience too! Doing it with my daughter asap. ⚘Neeelam Birwall écrit: NiceGary Maier écrit: I tried this and, while there is a distinct line between the silt and the clay, the point at which sand turns to silt is much more gradual and less apparent because there is a lot of silt mixed into the sand. However, I can tell when there is no more sand in the silt. Is that where I mark for silt? Thanks!Diane Vickery écrit: You are a great teacher!oguz artun écrit: Excellent.lovin itMark Hinds écrit: Your a power house of knowledge on your programs,thank you,Mukta Vartak écrit: Superb information. So well explained.Gene DuClos écrit: Great video. When performing this test, I seem to have gotten 4 layers of soil. I see the layer of sand, Silt, and, I'm presuming clay. However, where you point to the clear section in your demonstration as the clay, my specimen looks like l chocolate milk, and it has been setting for two days. What could that be? Thank you for the great video.aida bach écrit: 2:13 wait 1 minute , 1 hour, 24 hour, to get sand, silt, and clay layersDrake Leroy écrit: Interesting video. A much simplified version of how I did the work. Sieves would help in your process. Incidentally, very fine sand and silt partical sizes overlap.TS écrit: Very good video!matthew kohl écrit: Very informative. thanksD Tyrone écrit: Is there a video on how to amend your soil once you know the content?Justin Beck écrit: Thank you. really fun to do this. Our little community garden is silty loam..thank you. Silt: 34.5 % sand, 54% silt, 11.5 % claymohamed Ali écrit: Thanks for your good detailed uskatyayni M écrit: Thank you so much for this vedio. It is very helpful.Mohammed Raheem écrit: Nice video easy and practical explanationFloriferous Garden écrit: Thank you very much for this great video. I have featured it here https://www.floriferous-garden.com/gardening-ideas/organic-gardening/organic-gardening-helpful-tips-for-beginners/W’agwe Waltz écrit: Great explanation. Will be doing this with my students. Thanks for putting this together.Jan A Rademeyer écrit: Thank you, Well presented, educational presentation.Mc Jioz écrit: is there any way of speeding up the settling process?rustynail_ écrit: Easy as ABC & 123Joe Janez écrit: great video ! what is better for a fruit orchard (cherry, peach, grapes) – sandy loam ? or silt loam? I know most fruit trees like good drainage – so I was told sandy loam is ideal, but I would need to irrigate during hot summer days. However your chart lists Sandy loam on the edge (not ideal).Kelly Charles écrit: Your video is very detailed which I appreciated after watching so many others that weren't but I followed the instructions and set my timer for 15 mins when I went to mark the jar I could not see any difference in the soil. I could clearly see grains of sand in your jar but not mine. I moved in this house about 10 years ago and it's in a new neighborhood in a rural area of Ohio, zone 6a. I had to make all my flower beds myself and the dirt was heavy and compacted with lots of rocks, some bigger than the size of a softball. At 2 separate times I have had dump trucks full of dirt delivered to raise the beds a bit, I have sat for hours picking the smaller rocks out of the beds, through the years I have added bags of top soil and potting soil to the beds and then tilled. Several yrs I added mulch around the flowers to try to cut down on weeds.I have flowers in the beds and some do pretty well but the soil does seem to dry out fast, I water just about every night when it doesn't rain but I assumed it was because it gets mostly sun but possibly sandy soil is the issue. I have time on my hands now to devote to gardening and I'm trying to learn more about soil and that is why I wanted to do the test. I also ordered a soil test kit from amazon to test the soils nutrients so that I can try to add whatever it is that may be lacking. I have been reading articles and watching videos about composting but I'm afraid if I start a compost pile I will be inviting snakes into my yard (serious phobia,lol) So if my issue is sandy soil can anyone suggest an easy way to amend? When I couldn't see the difference on the test jar I thought maybe it just needed more time for everything to settle, what do you think? Or is it possible my soil is made up of mostly sand? It has been 3 hrs since I started the test and the soil is mostly the same throughout the jar except for a very fine line at the top that is a lighter color. I thought maybe I would just try it again after digging some more dirt and adding less dirt to the jar and more water, what do u think? Anyone have any suggestions on what I did wrong? Sorry such a long comment but I thought with more info a greater likelihood of a solution. Thanks!Tarantula Hawk écrit: My test resulted in 100% sand… this can't be right!margwe Emanuel écrit: GreatMike Trieu écrit: Eh, I just use a proper graduated glass cylinder. Perfectly flat bottom and straight sides and no need to fuss with a marker and ruler. Lab glassware can be found for very cheap on Amazon these days.Aaron Leitch écrit: very interesting and informative video being made simple.. I have one concern. why the percentage of sand in the STT went over 40 when by calculations it was less??Aquelino Gaspar écrit: Thank you verry much for this video
It's greatMaria écrit: I like you show but during explanation is hard to hear you.Maria écrit: Can't hear you wellNebojsa Vujasinovic écrit: Something's not right with my test. After a minute, I mark the sand level. After an hour I mark the second layer but 4 hours later, it's level is below the mark! The next day there is no new layer. Is it possible there is no clay in my soil?KClark écrit: Thank you! I am a first-year teacher and will be teaching soils soon. I have never used the soil triangle but your explanation made it very clear and I'm looking forward to teaching it to my students.morrel ebissa écrit: Well donejack1128 University of Minnesota écrit: thank you for this information I can share with others .Sean Pearson écrit: Fantastic video. Very clear and easy to understand. Thanks!dashmasterful écrit: Great video, but do yourself a favor when watching, speed it up to 1.5x. Thanks.Alexah Banuag écrit: Hi, Sir. What if I'm using a jar which is smaller or larger than the one you're using, would it affect the result of the soil type? Since it will differ in the measurement. I hope you help me, Sir. Thanks a lot in advance. God bless!Robert Klein écrit: Which soil type is best for growing low-water grasses (such as blue fescue, Mexican grass, etc.)? If the soil is exceedingly sandy, how deeply should it be amended for growing low-water grasses?
Thanks!Kosova Ethnic Albania écrit: I just don't understand why just US doesn't use the metric system but this stupid inch or what is this that is very difficult to understand!Taylor J Robinson écrit: That was goodCielo de Cantabria écrit: Thank you very much Mr. Palvis, i subbed, and bookmarked your websites. Please, continue demonstrating your experiments, as I found this very enlightening.Nyaa-Lua Kapu écrit: I highly appreciate this presentation. Bravo!!!Ano nymous écrit: thank you!D Rachmawati écrit: it's very simple and useful. Thanks very much. Subscribed your account alreadyArmanini Customs écrit: Well explained. Thank you very much.Jasmine Stokes écrit: ps im in middle school so thats why i think its boringJasmine Stokes écrit: borriinnggganimekittycat95 écrit: This is just what I need for my science lab. I couldn't figure out hot to find the % from ml but this was quite clear and as a person who loves to garden this experience looks fun and easy. THANK YOU I am so subscribingHuman angel écrit: Thank you for sharing. good video.